Nanjing & Beiing
I recently got back from a trip to Nanjing the original capital of China. This was a trip for students that was sponsored by NSLI-Y over our winter break. We got to spend ten days in Nanjing completing volunteer projects, visiting 南京大学 (Nanjing University), and traveling in and around the city to experience its rich history and culture.
Because this trip was pretty long I want to split it up under a couple of posts unlike our trip to Shanghai which was only one entry. This entry I want to give a short introduction to Nanjing since its not as well known as Shanghai or Beijing.
Beijing is the current capital but Nanjing is the ancient capital of China. the Bei 北 in Beijing 北京 means north whereas the Nan 南 in Nanjing 南京 stands for the south. Nanjing is a very historical city. There are many sites such as the Presidential Palace and multiple temples that are integrated into the regular flow of the city.
Nanjing is also well known because of the Japanese invasion and the subsequent massacre of Chinese citizens and razing of the city during WWII. Because of this the city is mostly newly built with only a few sections from pre-WWII intact. Many of the temples also feature many reconstructed buildings or rooms and are not fully original. Nanjing has the Nanjing Massacre Museum which was built over one of many mass graves and was architecturally designed to look like a scar over the city.
As a close up to this entry before I add temple and service unit posts I have a couple photos from the Sun Zhong Shan Mausoleum . Sun Zhong Shan is a tribute to Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Sun is often called the "Father of Modern China" and founded the Republic of China. The Sun Zhong Shan is now a popular tourist site featuring many steps that gradually get steeper and steeper until you reach the top.